E' un vitigno autoctono dell'isola greca
Trattandosi di una varietà che si ossida facilmente necessita di una vinificazione attenta; sotto certe condizioni sopporta invecchiamenti anche lunghi.
"The peoples of the Mediterranean began to emerge from barbarism when they learned to cultivate vines and oil." This phrase by Thucydides, historian of the Sophist school, military strategist and keen observer of social life serves to introduce an autochthonous Greek wine: the Assyrtiko aristocrat.
To say that assyrtiko is a strange grape is an understatement. It is a native vine of the island of Santorini from where it was then brought to cultivation in mainland Greece, the Peloponnese and Macedonia. But it is on the Greek island that wine becomes something unique.
The soil where the vine grows, ungrafted that is without the American foot graft, is a mix of ash, pumice stone, solidified lava and sand. There is no potassium and no clay so the vine does not have to fear neither phylloxera nor peronospera. The rain is mostly concentrated in winter, very little in spring, it does not cause fear of mold or rot.
The water stress of the plant is compensated by the sea breeze that spreads among the plants at night, releasing the humidity which is then absorbed by the soil and released to the plants during the day. to the pheasant.
All these unusual conditions create a unique ecosystem on the island of Santorini, from which a wine without equal in the world breaks out. The production is negligible, the disciplinary allows only 55hl / l which places it as a rare and precious wine. The vine is planted with sapling, the berry is white.
The berry is white and retains a strong acidity even when harvested when fully ripe.
The harvest takes place in August.
The wine is full-bodied and fresh, due to the acidity that releases light aromas of citrus (lemon) and fruit (green apple, pineapple), it has a long persistence.
Being a variety that oxidizes easily, it requires careful vinification; under certain conditions it bears even long aging.
The renowned Vinsanto is obtained from the drying of the grapes, and with a percentage of Aidani or Athir grapes, are other native vines of the island of Santorini. It is a semi-sweet, fat wine, rich in the mouth with aromas reminiscent of chocolate, dried figs and black cherries.
photo by ellenica